(Photographic Supplement, Plate 23)
Toward the end of the Neolithic period, the western Mediterranean countries were
invaded by seafarers of a tall, exceptionally long-headed Mediterranean variety; some
of these invaders passed through the Straits of Gibraltar, whence they also invaded
the British Isles and Scandinavia. The accompanying pictures show modern derivatives
of this sea-borne type.
Fig. 2 (3 views). A Frenchman from the Midi, a native of Toulouse. The Atlanto-Mediterranean race is an important element in the south of France, but is most frequently partially or wholly brachycephalized by Alpine admixture, of which this individual shows no evidence.
Fig. 3 (3 views). A metrically and morphologically perfect example of the late Neolithic Megalithic or Long Barrow race, the modern Atlanto-Mediterranean, from Azer in Portugal.
Fig. 4 (3 views). A dolichocephalic Spanish Basque from Sexto in the Basque Province. Like many Basques, he is extremely leptorrhine, narrow-jawed, and blue-eyed.